Notes from A2 Media essays

Sometimes the camera will linger on the grief or emotion of the interviewer like a voyeur.


Uses and gratifications theory


Infotainment debate.




Credibility, validity, realism, transparency, truth, spin,


Male anchors doing the more ‘important’ or ‘hard news’ headlines supports and reinforces the cultural ideological position of the superiority of the male over the female.


Use technical terms like: news values, gatekeepers, editorial decisions, audience, PSB, network ethos,


Anchor – the person in the studio presenting, mediating.

News reader – same as anchor.

Journalist / reporter – usually in the ‘field’ – presenting back to the studio.

A Broadcast – the show, or the programme is broadcast.

Transmitted – when the show goes out or is broadcast.

Presenter – more of a magazine show or current affairs programme title.

News is gathered, chosen, edited, placed in schedule, then broadcast.

Schedule – running order within programme.

The programme is produced / edited / by a production team.

Individual items cause different reactions in the viewer – uses and gratifications theory.

Studio shots may be intercut or even juxtaposed with live links, outside broadcast, cgi, talking heads, interviews, comment, video footage, satellite links, video phone, field telephone etc.

Formal, informal, hard news, soft news, ‘And finally…’ up beat leaving audience in mood to buy on commercial channels.

News report

Outside broadcast


News flash

Breaking news


Juxtaposition of hard news with soft news, or sport, human interest stories, business, drama with ordinary…


Higher class people – should read middle and upper class

Lower class – should read working class or lower middle

‘in your face’ read overt / obvious / brash / high profile


A journalist will report from a situation, conference, place

Video footage / archive footage / front line footage / stills /

A hook is used to interest the viewer

Viewer / audience / consumer


Look for examples of emotive, dramatic or prejudicial language.

Link news story style to other genres of programmes.


‘studio mise en scene often tends to mimic the /American old-style CNN ( the first 24 hour news channel) style of studio with its bold and striking colours to draw attention to the seriousness of the news as a whole- hence morning ‘shows’ tend to be more bright and colourful i.e. not so serious.’


Try to avoid ‘they have‘ when referring to the programme ‘they have dissolve and straight cut editing’ or ‘they have graphics’ or they have a representation of Big Ben’s clock face’ etc but instead say ‘dissolve and straight cut editing is used…’


Remember the use of straight cut editing is intended to give a seamless effect to make the viewer feel there is no transition, no angle and no mediation, in the stories being told.


Bad example of an introduction:

In this essay I am going to compare the programmes…. And …


Much better example:

The programmes… and … are quite different in terms of their style and their target audience yet nevertheless they are typical examples of the news / current affairs genre in that the conventions of the studios are remarkably similar as is the actual content of bulletins on the same day. Differences can also be clearly seen in treatment of stories and choice of stories told.

(Then go into detail.)


Did you find this information helpful?