Came into conflict with Augustine’s view of predestination; that Christians were utterly dependent on divine grace, on the favour of God.
In Augustine’s view, the kingdom of heaven could only be sought through the church not b free volition.
Huge practical benefits for the Roman Church – domination and control. It made believers subservient to the Church as the conduit of divine grace. It made the state stronger more able to control the masses. Church and state were fused together in one unassailable powerhouse.
Pelagius a follower of an older more basic Christianity believed in the concept of the kingdom of heaven being on earth; the message of Jesus being about extolling the beauty of nature and about love and compassion for their own sake; a morally empowering concept.