Frankenstein: A Romantic or a Gothic novel or a little of both?

A Romantic Novel

Can be seen in the following elements:

Walton is a romantic man, strong imagination, desire for exploration, prone to fantasies, desire for new knowledge; he begins to ‘love (Victor) as a brother…

The novel explores the tragic ruin of two heroes – Victor and the monster – both symbols of loneliness who are destroyed by their own talents and needs.

Sublime power of nature – a theme very important in the novel which could arouse deep emotions in the readers.

Individual liberty as argued by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment.

A Gothic Novel    

Can be seen in the following elements: (see particularly chapter 5 for examples.)

  • Storm
  • Night
  • The moon
  • Blood and gore
  • Foreboding
  • Wilderness
  • Death
  • Horror
  • Emotional extremes
  • Uncanny events
  • Satanic imagery
  • Themes of pursuit and revenge


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