General points to cover in atheism etc.

“It is wrong to believe anything without sufficient evidence.” Discuss

 

  • Introduction
  • Definition of atheism
  • Alternative to religious explanation: sociological – Durkheim –detail –functionalism –reason / purpose / need fulfilled
  • Counter-criticism of Durkheim
  • Marx : God as human creation – fulfils certain needs – opium of masses – man outgrown need
  • Counter to Marx
  • Psychological: Freud – primitive horde – dead chief elevated to God – Oedipus complex / sex – security – desire to recapture oceanic feeling – religion a crutch
  • Counter criticisms
  • Modern alternative explanations: neurological – brain chemistry / trance state / induce religious experience – religious gene – Russell man who starves himself…
  • Evaluation of ‘wrong’
  • Need for faith? –different category of experience
  • Need for sufficient evidence – nature of evidence – proof / probability – eschatological verification / Hick
  • Agnosticism preferable to atheism
  • Religious language: synthetic / analytic propositions – verification / falsification – phenomenon versus numenon – realms of experience / is concrete only one?
  • Overall logic and experience – we believe in plenty of unprovable things e.g. we exist – the nature of being human etc…

 


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